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Montgomery County Periodontal Associates

Stages of Gum Disease

When it comes to oral health and wellness, people often focus on cavities. Yet it’s also important for people to pay attention to periodontal disease, a bacterial infection of the gum tissue causing inflammation. If not treated promptly, gum disease can lead to numerous health problems, including tooth loss. The team at Montgomery County Periodontal Associates has helped countless patients around Conroe and The Woodlands, TX suffering from different stages of gum disease.

Dr. Miles A. Mason would like to go over the different stages of gum disease below, including the symptoms and treatment options. This should help you understand why regular brushing, flossing, and dental visits are so important.

Stage One: Gingivitis

Gingivitis is the initial stage of gum disease. It’s the mildest form of this infection, and the easiest one to treat. The most common cause of gingivitis is poor oral hygiene, though smoking and the use of tobacco products can contribute to gingivitis occurring.

If gingivitis is not diagnosed and treated, it will progress to the next stage of gum disease.

Signs and Symptoms of Gingivitis

The most common signs and symptoms of gingivitis include:

  • Swelling of the gums
  • Puffiness of the gums
  • Redness or darkening of the gums
  • Bleeding gums
  • Bad breath
  • Tender gums

Treatments for Gingivitis

To treat gum disease, a dentist will perform a professional cleaning. Antiseptic rinses and toothpastes may be recommended to help keep the oral bacteria properly under control.

Stage Two: Periodontitis

The next stage in gingivitis is a more severe level of inflammation affecting the gum tissue. Patients will notice major changes in overall appearance and health of their gums, and will also notice significant increases in discomfort regarding their teeth.

Signs and Symptoms of Periodontitis

The most common signs and symptoms of periodontitis include:

  • Worsening of previous symptoms
  • Tooth sensitivity
  • Spaces growing between teeth
  • Pus around the teeth and gums
  • Pain when biting and chewing
  • Loose teeth
  • Changes in bite sensation

Treatments for Periodontitis

Antiseptic rinses and professional cleanings are common when treating periodontitis. If not performed to address gingivitis, root planing and scaling may be performed to help remove tartar buildup at the gumline. Topical and oral antibiotics may be used to help address the bacterial infection.

Stage Three: Advanced Periodontitis

The most advanced stage of periodontitis will lead to major problems affecting the mouth. At this point, the infection will have significantly changed the health of a patient’s mouth, and will have likely affected other parts of the mouth as well. Advanced periodontitis can have major impact on general wellness.

Signs and Symptoms of Advanced Periodontitis

The most common signs and symptoms of advanced periodontitis include:

  • Worsening of previous symptoms
  • Changes in dental alignment
  • Tooth loss
  • Spread of infection to jawbone

Treatments for Advanced Periodontitis

To treat advanced periodontitis, a significant oral treatment plan will be required. Usually, this is when a full mouth reconstruction is recommended. This will allow dentists to treat the oral infection, rebuild the gum tissue with grafting techniques, and restore any teeth or tooth structure affected by the pervasiveness of oral bacteria.

Contact Montgomery County Periodontal Associates

To learn more about improving your dental health and wellness, be sure to contact an experienced periodontist for gum disease treatment. Our team of dentists is here to help. You can reach our practice in The Woodlands by phone at (281) 363-2009, and our office in Conroe at (936) 756-1669.

Tagged In: Gum Disease, General Dentistry, Restorative Dentistry

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Dr. Mason and his staff have been fantastic.  Dr. Mason has performed periodontal surgery on me twice and always made himself available for after hours care and questions.  The surgical results turned out well and working with his staff has always been a nice experience. 

-Brandon G.
The Woodlands, TX